A Review on Thermal and Catalytic Pyrolysis of Plastic Solid Waste
1 A Review on Thermal and Catalytic Pyrolysis of Plastic Solid Waste (PSW) S.M. Al-Salem1*, A. Antelava2, A. Constantinou2,3, G. Manos3, A. Dutta4 1Environment & Life Sciences Research Centre, Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, P.O. Box: 24885, Safat 13109, Kuwait. 2Division of Chemical & Petroleum Engineering, School of Engineering, London South Bank University, CATALYTIC PYROLYSIS OF WASTE PLASTIC INTO LIQUID FUEL Thermal pyrolysis of plastic materials leads to a wide product distribution and requires high degradation temperatures . During the cracking process of long polymer molecules the degradation of polymer chains can be enhanced by applying of various catalysts. The catalytic pyrolysis of plastic wastes gives valuable products Catalytic pyrolysis of plastic waste: A review - ScienceDirect Catalyst and pyrolysis. Plastic waste may contain different kinds of pollutants such as nitrogen, sulphur, and chlorine due to surface contamination, additives, and heteroatoms containing plastic such as PVC (Miskolczi et al., 2013). Therefore, the quality of liquid oil is compromised by the presence of these pollutants.
Catalytic pyrolysis of plastic waste: A review
Pyrolysis can be carried out via thermal or catalytic routes. Thermal pyrolysis produces low quality liquid oil and requires both a high temperature and retention time. In order to overcome these issues, catalytic pyrolysis of plastic waste has emerged with the use of a catalyst. CATALYTIC PYROLYSIS OF WASTE PLASTIC INTO LIQUID FUEL K. Miteva et al. Catalytic pyrolysis of waste plastic into liquid fuel ZASTITA MATERIJALA 57 (2016) broj 4 603 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 10000 t [s] 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 g-1 0 2a 420 430 440 450 460 470 480 490 500 T [oC] 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 g-1 0 2b Figure 2 - Influence of: a-reaction time; b- reaction temperature, on the yield of liquid fuel for sample No 2, A review on thermal and catalytic pyrolysis of plastic solid waste Pyrolysis of plastic solid waste (PSW) has gained importance due to having better advantages towards environmental pollution and reduction of carbon footprint of plastic products by minimizing the emissions of carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide compared to combustion and gasification.
Catalytic pyrolysis of plastic waste for the production of liquid
Catalytic pyrolysis of plastic waste for the production of liquid fuels for engines† Supattra Budsaereechai,a Andrew J. Hunt b and Yuvarat Ngernyen*a Catalytic pyrolysis of waste plastics using low cost binder-free pelletized bentonite clay has been investigated to yield pyrolysis oils as drop-in replacements for commercial liquid fuels such as diesel and Frontiers Catalytic Pyrolysis of Plastic Waste: Moving Toward Pyrolysis is a common technique used to convert plastic waste into energy, in the form of solid, liquid and gaseous fuels. Pyrolysis is the thermal degradation of plastic waste at different temperatures (300–900°C), in the absence of oxygen, to produced liquid oil ( Rehan et al., 2017 ). Jet fuel production from waste plastics via catalytic pyrolysis with In the present study, the catalytic pyrolysis of waste plastics over activated carbon catalysts was investigated to produce jet fuel range hydrocarbons and H 2-enriched gases. 7 types of activated carbons including commercial and home-made ones were investigated and results revealed that the obtained liquid product could be regarded as drop-in jet fuel.
(PDF) Catalytic pyrolysis of plastic waste: A review.pdf Dr. Abdul
Catalyst modiﬁcation and future ment still remain in the catalytic pyrolysis of plastic waste. perspective After a detailed review of all aspects of the catalytic pyroly- sis process, the recommended areas for further research and The selection of a catalyst for the degradation of plastic waste development including detailed life cycle assessment (LCA) is a critical step in pyrolysis. Catalytic pyrolysis of plastic wastes with two different types of Pyrolysis transforms plastic wastes in valuable liquids and gases useful as fuels or source of chemicals. The use of ZSM-5 zeolite in pyrolysis favours the production of gases and of lighter and more aromatic liquids. Red Mud, an industrial by-product, exerts a noticeable catalytic effect in pyrolysis, though lower than ZSM-5 zeolite. ZSM-5 enables to operate at lower pyrolysis temperatures while Red ... Catalytic microwave-assisted pyrolysis for chemical recycling of plastic waste Catalytic microwave-assisted pyrolysis could serve as a feasible approach to chemical recycling of waste plastics and producing fuel and petrochemical feedstocks such as naphtha. This lecture presents a series of our recent work on the aspects of pyrolysis reactor design and catalyst development with the goal of advancing this technology towards industrial applications.
Catalytic Pyrolysis of LDPE Plastic Wastes over Mortar Cement Catalyst
A CaO based catalyst synthesized from mortar previously used in construction was chosen for pyrolysis of LDPE plastic waste. The samples were calcined at temperatures of 500 and 800 °C for comparison purpose. After calcination, two mixed oxides were obtained, denoted as catalyst A and B. The chemical composition of the metal oxide catalysts and the liquid products of the pyrolysis were ... Catalytic pyrolysis of biomass-plastic wastes in the presence of Ding et al. studied a dual-catalyst bed of CaO and HZSM-5 for improving hydrocarbon yield from catalytic fast co-pyrolysis of hemicellulose and plastics (Ding et al., 2018). CaO as base catalysts have been widely developed for biomass pyrolysis ( Chen et al., 2019b ) including biofuels upgrading ( Yang et al., 2018 ). Promoting Aromatic Hydrocarbon Formation via Catalytic Pyrolysis Converting polycarbonate (PC) plastic waste into value-added chemicals and/or fuel additives by catalytic pyrolysis is a promising approach to dispose of solid wastes. In this study, a series of Fe–Ce@Al2O3 metal oxides were prepared by coprecipitation, impregnation, and a direct mixing method. The synthesized catalysts were then employed to investigate the catalytic conversion of PC wastes ...
Catalytic Pyrolysis of Plastic Waste
Catalytic Pyrolysis of Plastic Waste Abstract Waste of electric and electronic equipment (WEEE) is one of the fastest growing waste streams in the world. In this work, the thermal and catalytic pyrolysis in a TG/DSC is studied, using two different WEEE – polystyrene (PS) and acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS). Hydrogen and Carbon Nanotubes from Pyrolysis-Catalysis of Waste Plastics... More than 27 million tonnes of waste plastics are generated in Europe each year representing a considerable potential resource. There has been extensive research into the production of liquid fuels and aromatic chemicals from pyrolysis-catalysis of waste plastics. However, there is less work on the production of hydrogen from waste plastics via pyrolysis coupled with catalytic steam ... Catalytic decomposition and kinetic study of mixed plastic waste Pyrolysis is a promising technology for the valorisation of plastic waste by converting it into valuable products, such as fuels and chemicals. This study aims to assess the thermogravimetric behaviour and kinetic parameters of the real-world plastic waste mixture with added nickel- and iron-based catalysts on gamma-aluminium oxide as support.
Pyrolysis of plastic waste: opportunities and challenges
Pyrolysis of plastics is thermal or catalytic decomposition of a material in an oxygen-free environment into liquid product for chemicals or fuels ... Fluidized Bed Pyrolysis of Plastic Wastes, in: Feedstock Recycling and Pyrolysis of Waste Plastics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2006; 2006, pp. 435-474. Fast pyrolysis of plastic wastes (Journal Article) ashsacentral.com.au Highlights: • Liquid fuel was produced from plastic waste through catalytic pyrolysis. • Pyrolysis of polystyrene plastic produced highest liquid oil yield of 54% using natural zeolite. • Pyrolysis liquid oil mainly consisted of aromatic hydrocarbons with a few aliphatic compounds. (PDF) Catalytic Pyrolysis of Plastic Waste: Moving Toward Pyrolysis Pyrolysis based biorefineries have great potential to convert waste such as plastic and biomass waste into energy and other valuable products, to achieve maximum economic and environmental benefits. In this study, the catalytic pyrolysis of different
Improved recycling of plastic wastes via (catalytic-)pyrolysis RISE
Improved recycling of plastic wastes via (catalytic-)pyrolysis. The conversion of plastics to valuable energy and/or materials is possible as they are derived from fossil source, essentially having high calorific value. Pyrolysis is an efficient method for energy and material recovery from plastic wastes. This project aims to improve the ... Catalytic pyrolysis of plastic waste for the production of liquid Catalytic pyrolysis of waste plastics using low cost binder-free pelletized bentonite clay has been investigated to yield pyrolysis oils as drop-in replacements for commercial liquid fuels such as diesel and gasohol 91. Pyrolysis of four waste plastics, polystyrene, polypropylene, low density polyethylene and Catalytic pyrolysis of plastic waste: A review sis. Pyrolysis can be carried out via thermal or catalytic routes. Thermal pyrolysis produces low quality liquid oil and requires both a high temperature and retention time. In order to overcome these issues, catalytic pyrolysis of plastic waste has emerged with the use of a catalyst. It has the potential to convert 70–80% of plastic waste ...
Fast pyrolysis of plastic wastes Energy & Fuels
Catalytic plastics cracking for recovery of gasoline-range hydrocarbons from municipal plastic wastes. Resources, Conservation and Recycling 1998 , 23 (3) , 163-181. Research progress on catalytic pyrolysis and reuse of waste plastics the catalytic pyrolysis of waste plastics and petroleum sludge. They include molecular sieves, transition metals, metal oxides, clays and activated carbons used for the recycling of plastic, and molecular sieves and M-series catalyst (M=Al, Fe, Ca, Na, K) for treating petroleum sludge. Catalytic pyrolysis of plastic waste for the production of liquid Catalytic pyrolysis of waste plastics using low cost binder-free pelletized bentonite clay has been investigated to yield pyrolysis oils as drop-in replacements for commercial liquid fuels such as diesel and gasohol 91. Pyrolysis of four waste plastics, polystyrene, polypropylene, low density polyethylene and high density polyethylene, was achieved ...
(PDF) Catalytic Pyrolysis of Waste Plastics into Liquid
Catalytic pyrolysis of waste plastics into liquid hydrocarbon was conducted in a locally-made stainless steel reactor. Mesoporous kaolin clay treated with sulfuric acid in the concentration range of 3-7 M was used as a catalyst and waste polyethylene Thermal and catalytic pyrolysis of plastic waste Keywords: catalytic pyrolysis, fuel oils, thermal pyrolysis, zeolites. 1. Introduction Plastics are materials that offer a fundamental contribution to our society, due to its versatility and relatively low cost. As a result of this contribution, a large amount of plastic waste is generated due to the increase in its production each year. (PDF) Thermal and catalytic pyrolysis of plastic waste haroon During material of plastic waste . the pyrolysis, the polymer materials are heated to high temperatures and thus, their macromolecules are broken 1.1.2 Catalytic pyrolysis into smaller molecules, resulting in the formation of a The thermal pyrolysis requires high temperatures due ...
Catalytic cracking of polyethylene plastic waste using
Therefore, this has led us to explore the catalytic pyrolysis of plastic waste using zeolite Y synthesized from kaolin deposit in Covenant University, Sango Ota, Ogun state of Nigeria. A stainless steel packed bed reactor was used in the cracking of low-density polyethylene (LDPE) plastic wastes into liquid fuel components at a temperature of 300 ℃ using zeolite Y catalyst. Catalytic pyrolysis of biomass-plastic wastes in the presence of Catalytic pyrolysis of biomass-plastic wastes in the presence of MgO and MgCO3 for hydrocarbon-rich oils production. Rui Yuan Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Environment Monitoring and Pollution Control (AEMPC), School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology (NUIST), Nanjing 210044, China. Pyrolysis of municipal plastic wastes II: Influence of raw material In this work, the results obtained in catalytic pyrolysis of three plastic waste streams which are the rejects of an industrial packing wastes sorting plant are presented. The samples have been pyrolysed in a 3.5 dm(3) reactor under semi-batch conditions at 440 °C for 30 min in nitrogen atmosphere.